Croatian Cooking: Licitar Recipe

Post author SJ

Written by our local expert SJ

Sarah-Jane has lived in Croatia for 10+ years. SJ, as she is known, has been traveling the Balkans & beyond since 2000. She now shares her passion for traveling with her husband & kids.

Croatian Cooking: Licitar Recipe

Ever since I stumbled across my very first Licitar Heart way back in 2000 on my very first vacation in Croatia, I have been fascinated by history. How cute are these gingerbread-like hearts? Not only are they adorable, but they are also protected and listed on UNESCO’s Intangible Cultural Heritage list since 2010.

Gingerbread Making from Northern Croatia began in the Middle Ages; many European monasteries produced gingerbread cakes made in wooden molds; this craftsmanship reached a different level in Northern Croatia and were named called Licitars.

Licitar Heart_Marija Bistrica_Croatia - 1
Croatian Cooking: Licitar Recipe

The process of making licitars requires great skill. A standard recipe of sugar, flour, water, and baking powder is used for all, but the gingerbread is shaped, baked, dried, painted, and decorated with edible colors in a never-ending amount of varieties. We were privileged enough to see this first hand on a recent visit to Marija Bistrica; more on that experience coming soon!

Today gingerbread has become one of the most recognizable symbols of Croatian identity, especially in Zagreb.

Licitar Heart_Marija Bistrica_Croatia - Travel Croatia
Licitar Recipe to make these cute little delights

Want to know how to make a Licitar Heart?  Thanks to the Zagreb Tourist Board, here is a licitar recipe you can try at home.


Here Is An Easy-To-Follow Licitar Recipe

Licitar is a sweet cake. It is made of dough that was once sweetened with honey, though now sugar is used as an inexpensive ingredient.

Licitar Heart_Marija Bistrica_Croatia - Travel Croatia
Licitar Hearts made in Zagorije
Licitar Heart_Marija Bistrica_Croatia - Travel Croatia
Croatian Cooking: Gingerbread molds

 Licitar-Heart_Marija-Bistrica_Croatia- Travel Croatia

Licitar Heart_Marija Bistrica_Croatia - 1

Licitar Recipe

Gingerbread making from Northern Croatia began in the Middle Ages, now you can make them at home with this Licitar recipe.


  • 1 kg sugar (5 cups)
  • 600 ml water (2 1/2 cups)
  • 30 g gingerbread yeast (1 1/3 Tbls.) [ammonium bicarbonate]
  • 2 kg all-purpose flour (4.4 lbs)
  • 1 kg gelatine (2.2 lbs)
  • 3 L of water (12 3/4 cups)
  • Edible colouring
  • Gelatine
  • Sugar syrup
  • Potato flour
  • Edible colour


  1. Mix together the dough ingredients, and let it stand for about eight hours. Knead the dough again and roll out on a table with a rolling pin
  2. Cut the gingerbread with the gingerbread moulds and place on greased and floured baking pan. Preheat oven to 300ºC and bake gingerbread for 8 minutes. After baking, remove excess flour from the gingerbread and leave to dry for several days
  3. Soak the gelatine in water, mix well and cook in a double boiler until thick. Add colour. Dip the smaller licitar shapes into the glaze, remove them and hang them to dry (at least one day). Add the glaze to larger licitar shapes using a pastry brush
  4. To decorate the licitar, combine the ingredients and fill a pastry bag and add the desired nozzle. When the decorations are dry, the licitar is finished


We are republishing this recipe thanks to Zagreb Tourist Board.

Let us know if you give this Licitar recipe a try and how it turns out.

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Comments (11)

  1. Those are incredible! We have much larger and less intricate gingerbread cookie hearts here in Lithuania that are special to the St. Casmir Festival (this weekend).

  2. Licitar hearts are one of the first things I remember reading about in your blog. They’re so beautiful, and I remember how surprised I was to find out that they’re cookies, not ornaments. I like baking and cookie decorating, so I’ll have to give the recipe a try. I’m sure mine won’t turn out nearly as pretty. Thanks for much for explaining what gingerbread yeast is.

    1. No, no, these are just for decoration. You could eat them, but they’d be so dry and icky.

  3. They look so pretty I’ll feel bad for eating them. I love gingerbread cookies and cakes, so I’m sure I will like Licitars. I’ll show this to my husband – he’s the baker in the family. Who knows, maybe he might try the recipe!

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